France and its potential for the deployment of hydrogen.
On the occasion of the European Hydrogen Energy Days "HyVolution 2018", AFHYPAC presented a study explaining the hydrogen deployment potential at the 2050 horizon in France.
In parallel to the French revision of the national energy policy in the context of the Multiannual Energy Program, and to the potential announcement of a French roadmap for the hydrogen sector, a prospective study on the economic and environmental potential of this form of energy in France, has been published.
Having Air Liquide, Alstom, EDF, Engie, Hyundai, Faurecia, Michelin, Plastic Omnium, SNCF, Total, and Toyota as partners, as well as the assistance of AFHYPAC and CEA, the unveiled study is actually a variation of the well known Hydrogen, scaling up study, by McKinsey. Adapted to France, this variation is based on the Paris Agreement and follows the French government desire to to ban the sale of new petroleum-burning vehicles by 2040.
In 2050, hydrogen could represent 20% of the energy demand in France. This energy vector could be used to decarbonise the end-uses in several industrial sectors, and to collaborate with the development of renewable energies.
The perspectives for the mobility sector are relevant. Hydrogen could supply energy to 18% of the vehicle fleet in France (cars, vans, buses, trucks). This could represent a positive environmental impact, constituting a 15% drop in local air pollution. Numbers become even more spectacular in terms of greenhouse gas emissions, with a potential reduction of 55 million tonnes of CO2, which represents nearly one-third of the reduction required by the +2°C reference scenario.